Crick, Francis and Maurice Wilkins

   Crick b. 1916, Northampton; Wilkins b. 1916, Pongeroa (New Zealand)
   Scientists
   Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins, together with James Watson, can be said to have fundamentally advanced knowledge of the way in which heredity and biology affect the human body. In the early 1950s, Wilkins and Crick discovered that the basic building block of human life was to be found in deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule taking the form of a double helix which underpins the protein structure necessary for life. This insight led to a basic understanding of human life. Combined with computerized methods of analysing each part of the human gene, it has led to the internationally supported human genome project. The aim of that project is to have a complete map of the genetic make-up of human life by the end of the millennium. The project has raised questions as to whether knowledge about the basis of human life is patentable, and has reawakened the naturenurture debate. Crick, in particular, has recently been reported as emphasizing genetic determinism, but it is far from clear that this is his final position.
   See also: science
   PAUL BARRY CLARKE

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • Maurice Wilkins — Born 15 December 1916(191 …   Wikipedia

  • Crick, Francis Harry Compton — ▪ 2005       British biologist (b. June 8, 1916, Northampton, Eng. d. July 28, 2004, San Diego, Calif.), together with American biologist James D. Watson, in 1953 made what was widely considered the most momentous discovery in modern biology: the …   Universalium

  • Crick, Francis (Harry Compton) — born June 8, 1916, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng. British biophysicist. Educated at University College, London, he helped develop magnetic mines for naval use during World War II but returned to biology after the war. He worked at Cambridge… …   Universalium

  • Crick , Francis Harry Compton — (1916–) British molecular biologist The son of a shoe manufacturer from Northampton, Crick was educated at University College, London. After graduating in physics in 1938 he began his research career under E.N. Andrade working on the measurement… …   Scientists

  • Francis Crick — noun English biochemist who (with Watson in 1953) helped discover the helical structure of DNA (1916 2004) • Syn: ↑Crick, ↑Francis Henry Compton Crick • Instance Hypernyms: ↑biochemist * * * Francis Crick [ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Francis Crick — Infobox Scientist name = Francis Harry Compton Crick |225px image width = 225px caption = Francis Harry Compton Crick birth date = 8 June 1916 birth place = Weston Favell, Northamptonshire, England residence = UK, U.S. nationality = British death …   Wikipedia

  • Crick — /krɪk/ (say krik) noun Francis Harry Compton, 1916–2004, English physicist and biochemist; shared Nobel prize for physiology or medicine (1962) with James Watson and Maurice Wilkins for work in determining the structure of DNA …   Australian English dictionary

  • Francis Crick — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Francis Harry Compton Crick El científico Francis Crick. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Francis Crick — Francis Crick, im Hintergrund ein Gehirnmodell, das ihm von Jacob Bronowski vermacht wurde Francis Harry Compton Crick OM (* 8. Juni 1916 in Northampton, England; † 28. Juli 2004 in San Diego, USA) war ein englischer Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilkins, Maurice Hugh Frederick — ▪ 2005       New Zealand born British biophysicist (b. Dec. 15, 1916, Pongaroa, N.Z. d. Oct. 5, 2004, London, Eng.), used X ray crystallography to investigate the DNA molecule and thereby contributed to the discovery of DNA s structure by James… …   Universalium

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